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352. Infantry Division

Generalleutnant Dietrich Kraiss

Generalleutnant Dietrich Kraiss, Commanding Officer. (Wounded August 2, 1944. Died August 6.) Pictured above.
Oberst Fritz Ziegelman, 1A (Chief of Staff).
D-Day command post was located at Le Molay-Littrey.

Infanterie-Regiment 914 (Oberstleutnant Ernst Heyna). Deployed near Isigny on D-Day. (2. ko. of I./914 counter-attacked US Rangers at Point-du-Hoc).
Each Rgt of two battalions. 60 LMGs, 3 HMGs, and 12 8cm mortars.

13. kompanie with 2 15cm and 6 7.5cm infantry guns.
14. kompanie with 3 7.5cm Pak 40 AT guns.

Infanterie-Regiment 915 (Oberstleutnant Karl Meyer. KIA 7 June, 1944)). Was in reserve southeast of Bayeux on D-Day. II./915 counter-attacked toward Colleville.

13. kompanie with 2 15cm and 6 7.5cm infantry guns.
14. kompanie with 3 7.5cm Pak 40 AT guns.

Infanterie-Regiment 916 (Oberst Ernst Goth). Positioned near Omaha beach on D-Day. Opposed by US 116th RCT on D-Day. II./916 with 14 assault guns from 1. Ko. Panzerjäger-Abteilung 352 counterattacked north of St. Laurent.

13. kompanie with 2 15cm and 2 7.5cm guns.
14. kompanie with 3 7.5cm Pak 40 AT guns.

Füsilier-Bataillon 352 (Attached to I.R. 915 as reserve on D-Day.)
4 kompanien. 60 LMGs, 3 HMGs, and 12 8cm mortars
1.Ko. / Füsilier-Bataillon 352 was equipped with bicycles.
Artillerie-Regiment 352 (Oberstleutnant Karl-Wilhelm Ocker)
3 battalions of 3 batteries of 4 horse-drawn 10.5cm howitzers
1 battalion of 3 batteries of 4 horse-drawn 15cm howitzers.

The artillery had one basic load of ammunition available:
225 rounds per 10.5cm piece and 150 rounds per 15cm piece.
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 352
1 kompanie of 14 Marder III 38’s.
1 kompanie of 10 Sturmgeschütz III’s.
1 kompanie of 9 motorized 3.7cm Flak.
Pionier-Bataillon 352
3 kompanien with 37 MGs, 20 Flamethrowers, and 6 mortars.


Three battalions of 716. Infanterie-Division (under Oberst Walter Korfes) were attached to the Division at D-Day:

Ost-Bataillon 439 was at Isigny.
41 MGs, 15 mortars, 1 Russian 4.5cm AT gun.

III./Grenadier-Regiment 726
was located in the Grandcamp area.
48 MGs, 3 5cm mortars, 7 8cm mortars. 3. Kompanie was bicycle mounted.

I./Grenadier-Regiment 726
was northeast of Bayeux.
48 MGs, 6 5cm mortars, 9 8cm mortars. 1. Kompanie was bicycle mounted.

Two batteries (one of French 155mm guns, one of Czech 100mm guns) of the 1716th Artillerie Rgt were also put under the command of the 352nd.

352 Division was part of Army Group B, 7th army, LXXXIV Corps (General der Artillerie Erich Marcks--KIA 12 June, 1944). It was formed November 5, 1943 from the remnants of two mauled Eastern-front Divisions, 268th and 321st.
“On D-Day, they were entrenched in eight well-constructed concrete bunkers with guns of 75mm or higher; 35 pillboxes with various types of artillery and/or automatic weapons; 35 rocket-launching sites; and 85 machine-gun nests.”1.
On 1 April 1944, present were 494 men more than authorized and all authorized weapons. Divisional soldiers worked 9 hours on fortifications on the Atlantic Wall each day, while training for only 3 hours. Shortages of ammo and fuel adversely affected training before D-Day.
The presence of the 352nd defending the landing beaches was not discovered prior to the landing on D-Day. In a failure of Allied intelligence-gathering, it was still assumed to be deployed near St.-Lô.

Casualties from 6-24 June were 5,407 officers and men. By 11 July, the Division lost 2,479 more. By 30 July, the Division was rated as no longer combat capable, and was withdrawn for refitting.

The Division was merged with 581. Volksgrenadier-Division on 21 September 1944 to form the 352. Volksgrenadier-Division.

Notes:
1) Samuel W. Mitcham, Jr., The Desert Fox in Normandy, Praeger Publishers, Westport, Connecticut, 1997. Pg 75.

Sources:

Niklas Zetterling, Normandy 1944. German Military Organization, Combat Power and Organizational Effectiveness,J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Inc., Winnipeg, Canada, 2000.

Tim Kilvert-Jones, Omaha Beach. V Corps Battle for the Beachhead, Combined Publishing, Conshohocken, PA, USA, 1999.

Georges Bernage, The D-Day Landing Beaches. The Guide., Editions Heimdal, Bayeux, France, 2001.

Winston G. Ramsey (ed.), D-Day Then And Now, Battle of Britain Prints Intl, Ltd., London, England, 1995.

http://mitglied.lycos.de/OberstErnstGoth/American.html (Website on the commander of Infanterie-Regiment 916.)

Spearhead organization

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